Freedom Fighters of India: Heroes of Change

India is a land of great Freedom Fighters who have contributes very essential role to making India a freedom nation. India’s journey to freedom from British rule was a remarkable of courage. In this article we are introducing Freedom fighters of India, Because of which we are living in freedom today.

List of Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India

The top 10 freedom fighters of India played pivotal roles in shaping the nation’s destiny. From Mahatma Gandhi, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Rani Laxmibai, Chandrashekhar Azad, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, Mangal Pandey, Ram Prasad Bismil, Dadabhai Naoroji and Lala Lajpat Rai and many more.

1. Mahatma Gandhi – The Father of the Nation

Born: 2 October 1869, Porbandar
Full name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Assassinated: 30 January 1948, New Delhi
Spouse: Kasturba Gandhi (m. 1883–1944)

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, stands as an Ideal symbol of non-violent resistance. His philosophy of truth and non-violence, known as Satyagraha, became the cornerstone of the Indian independence movement. Gandhi’s leadership in various movements, such as the Salt March and Quit India, inspired millions of Indians to join the struggle for freedom. His unwavering commitment to justice and equality made him a revered figure not only in India but also on the global stage.

2. Subhas Chandra Bose – The Visionary Patriot

Born: 23 January 1897, Cuttack
Died: 18 August 1945, Taipei, Taiwan
Spouse: Emilie Schenkl (m. 1937–1945)
Education: Scottish Church College (1918), Presidency University
Parents: Janakinath Bose, Prabhabati Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose, known as Netaji, was a charismatic leader with a vision. He famously declared, “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom.” Bose believed in the use of force to achieve India’s independence and formed the Azad Hind Fauj, or the Indian National Army (INA). Under his leadership, the INA sought to liberate India with the support of the Axis powers during 2nd World War . Though his methods differed from Gandhi’s, Bose’s dedication to the cause was unquestionable.

3. Bhagat Singh – The Martyr of the Nation

Born: 28 September 1907, Banga, Pakistan
Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore Central Jail, Lahore, Pakistan
Education: National College, Lahore, National College of Arts, Dayanand Anglo-Vedic Schools System
Parents: Vidyavati, Sardar Kishan Singh Sandhu

Bhagat Singh, a fearless revolutionary, continues to inspire generations with his unwavering commitment to the country. He is best remembered for his daring actions against the British, including the bombing of the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. Singh believed in the power of youth and was willing to make the ultimate sacrifice for India’s freedom. His martyrdom at a young age left an indelible mark on the nation’s psyche.

4. Rani Lakshmibai – The Warrior Queen

Born: 19 November 1828, Varanasi
Died: 18 June 1858, Gwalior
Full name: Manikarnika Tambe
Spouse: Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar (m. 1842–1853)
Parents: Moropant Tambe, Bhagirathi Sapre
Children: Damodar Rao of Jhansi, Anand Rao

Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi, also known as the Warrior Queen, was a symbol of bravery and resistance during the 1857 revolt. She valiantly fought against the British East India Company’s forces and became an enduring symbol of Indian nationalism. Her heroic stand against colonial oppression continues to inspire women across India.

5. Chandrashekhar Azad – The Fearless Revolutionary

Born: 23 July 1906, Bhavra
Died: 27 February 1931, Chandrashekhar Azad Park
Full name: Chandrashekhar Tiwari
Nickname: Azad
Education: Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith
Parents: Sitaram Tiwari, Jagrani Devi

Chandrashekhar Azad, a fearless revolutionary, played a crucial role in the struggle for independence. He was a prominent member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) and participated in various acts of resistance against the British. Azad’s unwavering commitment to the cause and his determination to never be captured by the British authorities earned him the moniker “Azad,” meaning “free.”

6. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel – The Iron Man of India

Born: 31 October 1875, Nadia
Died: 15 December 1950, Mumbai
Full name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel
Nicknames: Bismarck of India, Strong (Iron) Man, Sardar, Iron Man Of India
Awards: Bharat Ratna

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, often referred to as the “Iron Man of India,” was instrumental in the integration of princely states into the newly independent India. His diplomatic skills and statesmanship played a crucial role in preserving the unity and integrity of the nation. Patel’s contribution to nation-building continues to be celebrated.

7. Mangal Pandey: The First Martyr of the Indian Rebellion

Born: 19 July 1827, Nagwa
Died: 8 April 1857, Barrackpore
Parents: Abhairani Pandey, Divakar Pandey

Mangal Pandey, a sepoy in the British East India Company, holds a significant place in India’s struggle for independence. In 1857, he defied the British and sparked the flame of rebellion with his courageous act. His sacrifice and bravery continue to inspire generations in the fight for freedom.

8. Ram Prasad Bismil: The Poet Revolutionary

Born: 11 June 1897, Shahjahanpur
Died: 19 December 1927, Gorakhpur Jail, Gorakhpur
Nationality: British Raj
Books: Musings from the Gallows: Autobiography of Ram Prasad Bismil, Kranti Geetanjali, Nij Jeevan Ki Ek Chhata, Atmakatha
Parents: Moolmati, Murlidhar

Ram Prasad Bismil, a freedom fighter and a gifted poet, played a crucial role in the Indian independence movement. He was a key figure in the Kakori conspiracy of 1925, an audacious attempt to rob the British government’s treasury to fund the revolutionary activities. Bismil’s commitment to the cause of freedom and his poetry ignited the passion for independence among the masses.

9. Dadabhai Naoroji: The Grand Old Man of India

Born: 4 September 1825, Navsari
Died: 30 June 1917, Mumbai
Organizations founded: Indian National Congress, Zoroastrian Trust Funds of Europe, National Congress, London Indian Society
Parents: Naoroji Palanji Dordi, Manekbai Naoroji Dordi
Education: Mumbai University (MU), Elphinstone College

Dadabhai Naoroji, a distinguished leader, educator, and politician, was instrumental in shaping the early phase of India’s struggle for independence. He was the first Asian to be elected to the British Parliament. Naoroji tirelessly advocated for India’s rights and worked towards building a strong foundation for the freedom movement. His economic and political theories laid the groundwork for the fight against colonial rule.

10. Lala Lajpat Rai: The Lion of Punjab

Born: 28 January 1865, Dhudike
Died: 17 November 1928, Lahore, Pakistan
Nickname: Punjab Kesari
Education: Government College University, Government Higher Secondary School, Rewari
Parents: Gulab Devi, Radha Krishan

Lala Lajpat Rai, revered as the “Lion of Punjab,” was a prominent freedom fighter and an ardent nationalist during the struggle for independence. He played a vital role in mobilizing the masses against British oppression and advocating for their rights. Lajpat Rai was a staunch supporter of Swadeshi and non-cooperation movements, advocating for the use of indigenous goods and non-cooperation with the British authorities.


1. What were the significant movements during the struggle for independence?

Some major movements during the struggle for independence were the Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, Quit India Movement, and the formation of the Indian National Army (INA) by Subhas Chandra Bose.

2. Who was the first freedom fighter in India?

Mangal Pandey stands out as India’s first freedom fighter because he led the way in the 1857 revolt, which marked the beginning of the fight for India’s independence from British rule.

3. How did Mahatma Gandhi contribute to the struggle for independence?

Mahatma Gandhi played a pivotal role in the struggle for independence through non-violent civil disobedience, promoting the use of peaceful protests and acts of resistance to challenge British rule.

4. What was the significance of the Quit India Movement?

The Quit India Movement was a vital turning point in India’s struggle for freedom. Launched in 1942, it demanded an end to British rule and played a crucial role in mobilizing masses against the colonial power.

5. How did the freedom fighters influence the formation of independent India?

The freedom fighters’ sacrifices, determination, and vision significantly influenced the freedom movement, eventually leading to the end of British rule and the establishment of an independent India in 1947.

Leave a Reply